At 9 am on March 15, with the closing ceremony of the Third Session of the Twelfth National People's Congress, the two sessions of 2015 ended successfully. During the compact and orderly 10-day meeting, 2,907 representatives discussed the country together. Although the meeting was over, the positive voice of the government work report was enough to drive a new round of economic development.
In 2014, the growth rate of China's textile industry was slowing down, and progress was being made while slow; development pressure was increasing, and differentiation accelerated; power conversion was urgent, and key innovations were waiting for opportunities under the new normal. In 2015, following in the footsteps of the government work report, I detailed the press conferences of the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and other ministries and commissions. At a time when the industry situation is recognized as not optimistic, can the textile and apparel industry use the two sessions to achieve manufacturing upgrades and economic development? The four major conjectures of, technological innovation, and "going out" are getting higher?
Conjecture 1: "Manufacturing is our advantageous industry", why does textile manufacturing come to Nirvana?
Seeing Premier Li Keqiang's affirmation of the importance of manufacturing, I believe that all textile people will have an instant blood boiling excitement. "Made in China 2025" puts forward the three 10-year "three-step" strategy for building my country's manufacturing powerhouse, which is the first 10-year action plan. "Made in China 2025" responds to the new round of technological revolution and industrial transformation, based on the actual needs of my country's transformation of economic development, and focuses on key links such as innovation-driven, intelligent transformation, strengthening the foundation, green development, and talent-oriented, as well as advanced manufacturing and high-end equipment And other key areas.
For Germany’s “Industry 4.0” dominated by smart manufacturing, “Made in China 2025” may have deeply touched the sensitive nerves of the industry’s transformation from “manufacturing” to “intelligent manufacturing” and from a big country to a powerful one. The representative of the National People’s Congress and the chairman of a well-known clothing company suggested that “learning from Germany’s “Industry 4.0”, continue to promote the “deep integration of industrialization and industrialization”, promote the top-level strategic planning and management system construction of the integration of industrialization and industrialization of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology; advance deployment and construction of a national cyber-physical system network Platform; launch a major national special project for intelligent manufacturing; use standards to lead the integration of information network technology and industry; build an institutional guarantee system that is conducive to industrial transformation and upgrading; joint production, education, research and application to promote the innovation and development of manufacturing.
Conjecture 2: "Multi-pronged reform of the investment and financing system, promoting new progress in the reform of the fiscal and taxation system" to solve the financial difficulties of textile enterprises?
On the eve of the NPC and CPPCC, this newspaper conducted a questionnaire on the "Topics of the NPC and CPPCC you are most concerned about" with the representatives of the textile industry, and "topped" the list for reducing the burden of small and medium-sized enterprises and fiscal and taxation reforms. For a long time, financial taxation has been plagued textile companies that have been caught in the cold winter. The representative of the National People's Congress and the general manager of a joint-stock company in Jiangsu felt that the cost of corporate financing was too high, and loudly called for the government to strengthen the supervision of the banking industry and further narrow the interest rate difference between bank deposits and loans, and reduce the financing cost of textile enterprises.
Minister of Finance Lou Jiwei also answered questions from reporters at this year's press conference on the reform of the fiscal and taxation system, the "reform from business tax to increase business tax," and the cleaning up of tax incentives. Lou Jiwei said that the tax system will be reformed this year, and the "VAT reform" will continue. At the same time, the Ministry of Finance is studying resource tax, and it is also going to advance legislation on environmental protection tax. It is also studying how to adjust the scope of consumption tax and tax rate appropriately.
The representative of the National People’s Congress and the chairman of a Jiangsu group suggested that when the "VAT reform" is fully rolled out, that is, when the fiscal and taxation system reform enters the deep water zone, the responsibilities and powers of governments at all levels must first be clarified, so that financial power and power are matched. Only in this way can the incentive and guiding functions of taxation policies be better utilized.
The in-depth interpretation at the national level strongly releases my country's confidence in deepening the reform of the fiscal and taxation system, and I believe that this will bring a touch of warmth to the textile economy in 2015.
Conjecture 3: Are you ready? "Promote technological innovation with system innovation"
The key to innovation and creation lies in people. Enterprises are the main body of technological innovation. Whether it is to improve the manufacturing level of the textile industry or revitalize national brands, the representatives of the textile and apparel industry have mentioned "driving innovation" without exception. Innovation here has a technical aspect. Yes, there are cultural fields, there are talent links, not to mention that the industrial structure should move towards the middle and high-end, just to tell the truth to increase the income of the enterprise and employees, the representative committee members put forward many practical suggestions, because the frontline Kumbling made textile people clearly realize that no matter how capricious the slogan is, it is not as down-to-earth as the "truth".
This year's government work report mentioned that enterprises should be supported to participate more in the implementation of major scientific and technological projects, the construction of scientific research platforms, and to promote enterprise-led collaborative innovation of industry, university and research. Premier Li Keqiang also particularly emphasized that small, medium and micro enterprises have a lot to do, and they must help them and send them off so that "grassroots" innovation can become popular.
Conjecture 4: Increase the pace of "going out" with the help of "One Belt One Road"?
The “Belt and Road” initiative, which aims to borrow the historical symbols of the ancient “Silk Road”, is probably the most direct reference to the textile and apparel industry at the two sessions. Foreign Minister Wang Yi emphatically talked about China’s diplomatic policy in 2015. The key word is "one key point, two main lines". One focus is to comprehensively promote the "Belt and Road".
The China National Silk Museum is the world’s only national first-class museum named after Chinese silk. As the director of the museum, representative Zhao Feng feels a great responsibility. In order to allow silk culture to play a greater role along the Belt and Road Initiative, the China National Silk Museum has A lot of work has been carried out in the past: including the collection of a large number of domestic and foreign silks unearthed and handed down along the Silk Road; the use of textile cultural relics to protect the key scientific research base of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage, and to promote the research and protection of the unearthed textile cultural heritage; and Countries dominated by the Silk Road are conducting more than 10 cooperative projects.
"The future market competition will become more intense. The rational allocation of resources in the international market will enable enterprises to gain new competitive advantages." The representative of the National People's Congress and the chairman of a Shandong technology group said frankly that "Going Global" has become the company. An important growth point for profits.
The head sail of the Hanhai tide is full, and it is time to move forward. In 2014, our industry was "difficult, tiring, and very good." In 2015, our industry may be more difficult and tiring, but it will eventually be better.